The unique plastering qualities of various plaster kinds are the result of the large proportions of binders, additives, and admixtures used in their production. Based on the amount of plaster that is most prevalent, we can classify plaster as follows:
The primary ingredient of lime plaster is lime, which also makes it very alkaline, fungal, and easily dispersed. If you’re looking to keep mold at bay in your home, lime plaster is a great choice by Stucco Contractors NYC. Outdoor applications of lime plaster for ancient structures are common because of the material’s low strength and excellent stress absorption properties.
- One of the binding agents used in plasters is air lime. Plasters made with hydraulically hardening binders tend to be more durable than air lime plasters since this type of firing can only harden in a damp environment with a simultaneous supply of air. As a result, air lime plaster is commonly utilized in damp, poorly ventilated, cold structures.
- Similar to how air lime plaster keeps moist walls reliably dry and mold-free, swamp lime plaster does the same thing. The process of swamping is used to extinguish quicklime, which in turn produces swamp lime. The result is a slurry, not a burn when lime is soaked.
- Walls both inside and out can benefit from lime cement plaster, which is also known as lightweight lime cement plaster. In comparison to pure lime plaster, lime cement plaster is more resistant to moisture, has a greater compressive strength, and is permeable to diffusion.
- Primarily, cement plaster is applied externally to basement walls and base areas, and it also serves as a base for thin-bed tile laying. The ability of cement plaster to absorb moisture impacts the indoor climate in a good way. It helps with thermal insulation and water resistance when applied to exterior walls.
- Because it allows moisture to diffuse, clay plaster controls humidity and makes for a comfortable interior environment. You can use clay plaster as a foundation coat or a top coat. Additional surface treatment is required, nevertheless, due to the clay plaster’s susceptibility to moisture by Roof Repair NYC.
- For interior use as a foundation or top coat for wallpaper, smoothed or rubbed gypsum plaster, also known as gypsum-lime plaster or gypsum-cement plaster, is ideal. Aside from its usage in monument restoration, gypsum plaster has very few outside applications.
- As an alternative to wallpaper or rub or scratch-plaster, cotton plaster coats interior walls and ceilings. The binding ingredient in cotton plaster is cellulose, and the mixture also includes other fillers and effect components in addition to cotton fibers.
- Acrylicates and styrene acrylates are the plastic binders that give plastic plaster its consistency. Faster hardening, thinner application, and crack-free performance are some of the benefits of plastic plasters over mineral-based plasters. Diffusion and temperature resistance are significantly reduced, which is a drawback.
Differentiation depending on the type of surface
When describing plaster, many different kinds are grouped according to their potential applications in interior and external wall design. This is one way to differentiate between the following kinds of plaster:
- One time-tested method of creating a variety of surface effects is with rough plaster. As an example, rubbed buildings with visible grooves caused by round grain can be finished with Munich rough plaster. Scratch plaster and rough plaster are two examples of the rough plasters.
- Applying a single coat of rapputz and spreading it with a mortar trowel or brush is the standard method for plastering attics and basements. A uniformly rough wall surface can be achieved with Rapputz, a bonded plaster. Following that, be careful to stay on the same line when you apply the lime paint by local Law 11 Contractors NYC. The putz method is analogous to trowel plastering.